Opiates or opioids are legally prescribed to patients to relieve moderate to severe pain. Opiates naturally come from opium poppy which contains several active ingredients such as morphine. Opiates are considered to be narcotics and can be extremely addictive. Opiates react with many of our natural receptors and nervous system to reduce the sensation of pain and the drugs tend to create an euphoric feeling. The effects of using opiates usually last many hours and can be followed by periods of tiredness and depression. Using the medications on our opiates list for a prolonged period can cause addiction and withdrawal symptoms which can be very difficult to overcome.
Opiates have several medical uses such as pain killers, cough medicines, and sleeping aides. Opiates prescribed as pain killers are very effective at blocking the sensation of pain. They are also often use in cough medicines because opiates tend to numb the nerves which cause coughing. Some specific types of opiates are available without a doctor’s prescriptions but these medicines have very weak versions of the drug. Opiates or opioids are usually prescribed in pill or syrup form, however, the drug can also be administered intravenously for sever pain or trauma. Below is a small opiates list which describes some common forms of opiates which are often times also referred to as opioids or synthetic opiates.
Opiates list of legally prescribed opiates
Codeine – Codeine is generally used in pain killers for light to moderate pain. Codeine is considered one of the most commonly prescribed pain killers. You can take this medication in either syrup of pill form. Some cough medicines contain small amounts of codeine which helps control cough. Tylenol 3 and 4 are common medicines which contain codeine.
Oxycodone and Hydrocodone - Oxycodone and Hydrocodone are both used in pain killers to treat severe pain. These medicines are considered as opioids which are syntheic opiates created by drug companies. Both drugs can be highly addictive and may lead the users to experience numurous withdrawal symptoms. Some common medicines which contain oxycodone are: Oxycontin, Roxicodone, and percocet. Hydrocodone is commonly used in the following medicines: Lortab, vicodin, and Lorcet. Medicines which contain oxycodone and hydrocodone are narcotics and have become highly regulated by the DEA.
Morphine - Another type of opiate or opioid that is used as a pain killer in hospitals and prescribed by doctors is morphine. It is often used to treat severe and chronic pain. Morphine is commonly administered intravenously into the blood stream when used in a hospital setting. Some commonly prescribed medicines which contain morphine are MS Contin, Oramorph and Roxanol. Morphine is also highly addictive and gives the patient an euphoric feeling which can lead to dependency.
Methadone - Methadone is a synthetic type of opiate which was created to treat people who are recovering from heroin addiction. In recent years methadone has also been used to treat other types of opiate and opioid addictions such as oxycodone and hydrocodone addictions. Methadone clinics have become popular in areas with a high rate of opiate addicted people. In theory the methadone is used to control the withdrawal symptoms from other opiate drugs and then the patent is slowly taken off the methadone in a control setting. Often times those using methadone become addicted to the drug and thus the addiction cycle continues from one form of opiate to the other.